Fundamentals of trading on the forex market

The Forex market is a global trading platform for currencies and one of the world’s largest financial markets. Trading on the forex market involves speculating on changes in exchange rates between two different currency pairs, such as the US Dollar/Euro rate. While there is significant potential to make money through trading in this dynamic market, it’s essential to understand and master some key fundamentals that can help you become a successful trader. This article will discuss some of these fundamental principles.

To start trading forex, you can create an account with Saxo Capital Markets.


The concept of liquidity is critical when trading currencies, as it pertains to the ease at which an asset can be transformed into cash without diminishing its worth. The forex market is highly liquid, as the daily trading volume of $6 trillion means it is easy to buy and sell in this market. It also ensures that traders can easily access their funds when needed. Additionally, high levels of liquidity mean lower spreads (the difference between the bid and ask prices for a currency pair) which helps keep transaction costs low.


Leverage is when traders use borrowed capital to increase their trading positions, multiplying their buying power. It is a tool that forex traders can multiply their gains by putting up only a tiny portion of the total trade value as collateral. Although it can magnify gains, it is essential to understand the risks associated with leverage, as it can work against you if the market moves in an unfavourable direction. It is, therefore, essential to use leverage responsibly and carefully manage risk. Moreover, it is crucial to select the best broker, as your choice of leverage depends on their offerings.


Margin is used by traders when trading on the forex market to increase their positions. It is the difference between the amount of money a trader has in their account and the amount they need to open a position. To open a trading position, traders must deposit an amount of money known as a margin into the broker’s account, which acts as collateral and can be used to cover any losses incurred if the market moves against the trader.

Market hours

The forex market operates 24 hours a day, five days a week and is open for trading around the globe. This extended trading time means there are always opportunities to enter or exit a trade and a more significant potential to make profits from small price movements in the market. However, it is essential to be aware that when trading sessions overlap, volatility can increase, and spreads may widen.

Traders must understand when different markets are open and take advantage of when trading sessions overlap, as this may provide better chances of making profits in the forex market.

Fundamental analysis

Fundamental analysis is a way of understanding the forex market by examining economic and political events that may affect currency values. By analysing factors such as interest rates, inflation, and GDP growth, traders can identify potentially profitable opportunities in the forex market.

Fundamental analysis also helps traders to assess a currency’s strength or weakness over time. This analysis is essential when trading long-term, as it can identify market trends and help traders identify entry and exit points.

Additionally, the fundamental analysis provides insight into how global developments may influence the currency markets. It is essential to monitor news events such as political elections or central bank policy changes that could cause currency prices to fluctuate significantly.

Technical analysis

Technical analysis is a way of predicting future price movements by studying historical market data. This analysis uses charts and indicators to identify trends, support and resistance levels, and potential entry and exit points. Technical analysis can give traders the edge they need to make more informed trading decisions.

It is essential for traders to understand how technical analysis works and to learn how to use it effectively. Technical analysis can help traders determine when to enter or exit a position, identify potential entry and exit points, and decide on a suitable risk/reward ratio for their trades. Additionally, technical analysis can be combined with fundamental analysis to understand the current market situation.



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